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CENTER FOR LAWS OF NIGERIA : TREATIES



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NIGERIAN TREATIES: CATEGORIES & VALIDITY












Latest Domesticated Treaties and Treaty Bills


  • HB 243: Treaty to Establish African Economic Community Relating to the Pan-African Parliament (Accession and Jurisdiction) Act (Amendment) Bill, 2015 [+]
  • HB 444: Avoidance of Double Taxation (Between Federal Republic of Nigeria and Spain), Bill, 2016 [+]


  • HB 445: Avoidance of Double Taxation (Between Federal Republic of Nigeria and South Korea), Bill, 2016 [+]
  • HB 443: Avoidance of Double Taxation (Between Federal Republic of Nigeria and Sweden) Bill, 2016 [+]
[For All Bills Before National Assembly, CLICK HERE]



Nigeria and Treaties


    Nigeria, is a sovereign member of the international community with full competence to enter into legally binding multilateral and bilateral obligations having been admitted as the 99th member of the United Nations on the 7th of October, 1960.


    As a nation, Nigeria has signed on to several multilateral agreements at the global and regional levels. Nigeria has also, over the years, entered into several bilateral agreements or reciprocal covenants with individual nations, select nations as well as international or regional bodies.


    This corner of LawNigeria.Com is an attempt to provide access to the legal instruments which outline Nigeria's international obligations. For convenience sake, the treaties have been divided into global multilateral treaties, African/regional mulitlateral treaties - including those entered with fellow West African Countries - and bilateral treaties entered into with single national or international/regional entities. Some national legislations of Nigeria also affect Nigeria's treaty making powers or the recognition or enforcement of specific or select treaties or international custom or conventions in Nigeria. Some of those legislations include:
    1. Treaties (Making Procedure, Etc.) Act;
    2. International Financial Organisations Act;
    3. Consular Conventions Act; and
    4. International Center for Settlement of Investment Disputes Act.


    Some other legislations also exist which guide international relations between the government of Nigeria and local or international legal persons seeking to transact with the country or enforce certain rights. While these may not be treaty provisions, they also form part of the rules which define Nigeria's standing as a member of the international comity of nations. These rules are found in a broad range of legislations including those regulating commercial, family, and criminal law proceedings.



Multinational [bloc & cooperation] Treaties



Multinational Conventions/Treaties


Date of entry into force


Nigeria’s Date of Ratification or Accession

Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) Statute

September, 1960  

July, 1971

OPEC Fund for International Development

January 1976 

January 1976 

Islamic Development Bank Instrument (Declaration of Intent Issued by the Conference of Finance Ministers of Muslim Countries held in Jeddah in Dhul Q'adah 1393H)

December, 1973


NA

Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, OIC

1986 (Joined)

 NA




Global Treaties/Conventions [facilitated by united nations]

GLOBAL TREATIES AND CONVENTIONS

 

Title


Nigeria’s Date of Ratification or Accession

UNITED NATIONS CHARTER


Abolition of Forced Labour Convention

1960

Basel Convention on the control of Tran boundary movement of Hazardous wastes and their Disposal

1991

Cartagena Protocol on Bio-safety

2003

Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty CTBT

2001

Convention Against Torture & other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT)

2001

Convention on Biological Diversity

1992

Convention concerning Forced or Compulsory Labour

1960

Convention concerning minimum age for admission to Employment

2002

Convention concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the worst forms of Child Labour

2002

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW)

1985

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of wild fauna and Flora

1974

Conventions on Nuclear Proliferation Treaty, NPT

1968

Convention on Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and use of Chemical Weapons and their Destruction

1999

Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees

1967

Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

1991

Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons & Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others

2003

Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention

2002

Equal Remuneration Convention

1974

Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise

1960

Geneva Convention Relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of war

1988

Geneva Convention relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War

1961

International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (CERD);

1969

International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of terrorism

2003

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (CPPR)

1993

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR)

1993

International Convention on The Establishment of An International Fund for Compensation for Oil Pollution Damage

1971

International Convention for The Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973


International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage


Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate change

2004

Montreal Protocol on Substances that deplete the Ozone layer

1988

Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW-OP)

2000

Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict (CRC-OP-AC)

2000

Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography (CRC-OP-SC)

2000

Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime

2001

Protocol to Prevent, Suppress & Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women & Children, supplementing the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime Preamble, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime

2001

Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees 1967

1968

Right to organise and collective bargaining

1960

Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court

2001

Stockholm Convention Against Persistent Organic Pollutants

2004

United Nations Convention against Corruption

2004

United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic drugs and Psychotropic Substances

1981

United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime

2001

United Nations Convention on Psychotropic Substances

1981

United Nations Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs

1969

Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer





African Treaties or Conventions [facilitated by AU or Ecowas]


 Convention/Treaty

Date of Adoption

Date of Entry into Force

Date of Signature

Date of Ratification

Additional Protocol to the OAU General Convention on Privileges and Immunities

June 1, 1980

Pending

Pending

Pending

African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance

January 30, 2007

Pending

02-07-2007

Pending

African Charter on Human and People's Rights

June 1, 1981

October 21, 1986

31/08/1982

22/06/1983

African Charter on Rights and Welfare of the Child

July 1, 1990

November 29, 1999

13/07/1999

23/07/2001

African Charter on Values and Principles of Public Services and Administration

January 31, 2011

Pending

28-06-2011

Pending

African Civil Aviation Commission Constitution (Before Revision)

(See Revised Version Here)


January 17, 1969

March 15, 1972

17/01/1969

08/12/1969

African Convention on the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (Before Review )

September 15, 1968

June 16, 1969

15/09/1968

02/04/1974

African Convention on the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (Revised)





African Convention on Preventing and Combating Corruption

July 1, 2003

August 5, 2006

16/12/2003

26/09/2006

African Nuclear Weapon-Free Zone Treaty (Pelindaba Treaty)

April 11, 1996

July 15, 2001

11/04/1996

20/04/2000

African Refugee Convention

Sept. 10 1969

Jan. 20, 1974

 

1986

African Union Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons in Africa (Kampala Convention)

October 23, 2009

Pending

23/10/2009

Pending

African Union Non-Aggression and Common Defence Pact

January 1, 2005

December 18, 2009

02/07/2007

Pending

African Youth Charter

July 2, 2006

August 8, 2009

02/07/2007

21/04/2009

Agreement for the Establishment of the African Rehabilitation Institute, ARI

July 17, 1985

December 2, 1991

Pending

13/05/2002

Bamako Convention on the Ban of the Import into Africa and the Control of Trans-boundary Movement and Management of Hazardous Wastes within Africa

January 1, 1991

May 22, 2008

22/12/2008

Pending

Charter for African Cultural Renaissance

January 24, 2006

Pending

22/12/2008

18/10/2010

Constitution for the African Civil Aviation Commission (Revised Version)

December 16, 2009

May 11, 2010

01/03/2011

Pending

Constitutive Act of the African Civil Aviation Commission

 Pending

Pending

Pending

Pending

Constitution of the Association of African Trade Promotion Organizations

January 18, 1974

February 1, 2010

15/10/1974

11/01/1975

Constitutive Act of the African Union

November 7, 2000

May 26, 2001

08/09/2000

29/03/2001

Convention of the African Energy Commission

July 11, 2001

December 13, 2006

Pending

22/10/2004

Convention for the Establishment of the African Centre for Fertilizer Development

July 1, 1985

Pending

24/02/1987

Pending

Cultural Charter for Africa

July 5, 1976

September 19, 1990

Pending

24/09/1986

General Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the Organization of African Unity

October 25, 1965

October 25, 1965

25/10/1965

21/10/1966

Inter-African Convention Establishing an African Technical Co-operation Programme

August 1, 1975

Pending

Pending

Pending

OAU Convention for the Elimination of Mercenarism in Africa

July 3, 1977

April 22, 1985

10/02/1978

14/05/1986

OAU Convention on the Prevention and Combating of Terrorism

July 1, 1999

December 6, 2002

26/04/2002

28/04/2002

Organization of African Unity Charter

25 May, 1963

Pending

Pending

Pending

Phyto-Sanitary Convention for Africa

September 13, 1967

October 6, 1992

Pending

Pending

Protocol to the African Charter on Human and People's Rights on the Establishment of an African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights

June 10, 1998

January 25, 2004

09/06/2004

20/05/2004

Protocol to the African Charter on Human & Peoples' Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa

July 1, 2003

November 25, 2005

16/12/2003

16/12/2004

Protocol to the African Court of Justice of the African Union

July 1, 2003

February 11, 2009

16/12/2003

Pending

Protocols on the African Investment Bank

June 30, 2009

Pending

Pending

Pending

Protocol on Amendments to the Constitutive Act of the African Union

July 11, 2003

Pending

02/07/2007

Pending

Protocol Relating to the Establishment of the Peace and Security Council of the African Union

October 9, 2002

December 26, 2003

09/07/2002

23/12/2003

Protocol to the Treaty Establishing the African Economic Community Relating to the Pan-African Parliament

March 2, 2001

December 14, 2003

08/06/2001

 23/12/2003

Revised African Maritime Transport Charter

July 26, 2010

Pending

Pending

Pending

Statute of the African Union Commission on International Law

February 4, 2009

February 4, 2009

Pending

Pending

Treaty Establishing the African Economic Community

June 3, 1991

May 12, 1994

03/06/1991

31/12/1991