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PETROLEUM ACT

 

Arrangement of Sections 

1.

Vesting of petroleum in the State, etc.       

2.

Oil exploration licences, oil prospecting licences and oil mining leases

3.

Refineries.      

 

4.

Control of petroleum products.

5.

Offences in connection with the distribution of petroleum products

6.

Price control.

7.

Rights of pre-emption.          

 

8.

Power and duties of public officers.          

9.

Regulations.  

 

10.

Discharge of obligation to make payments.         

11.

Settlement of disputes by arbitration.     

12.

Delegation of powers.             

13.

Offences.       

 

14.

Repeals, amendments, transitional and savings provisions.    

15.

Interpretation.            

 

16.

Short title and commencement.

 

 








Schedules 

First Schedule

Oil exploration licences, oil prospecting licences and oil mining leases 

Second Schedule

Rights of pre-emption

Third Schedule

Repeals 

Fourth Schedule

Transitional and savings provisions

Subsidiary Legislations

1. Minerals Oils (Safety) Regulations.

2. Petroleum Regulations.

3. Petroleum (Drilling and Production) Regulations.

4. Petroleum Refining Regulations.

5. Crude Oil (Transportation and Shipment) Regulations.

6. National Data Repository Regulations 2007

 

 

Petroleum Act 

An Act to provide for the exploration of petroleum from the territorial waters and the continental shelf of Nigeria and to vest the ownership of, and all on-shore and off-shore revenue from petroleum resources derivable therefrom in the Federal Government and for all other matters incidental thereto.

27th day of November 1969

 

1. (1) The entire ownership and control of all petroleum in, under or upon any lands to which this section applies shall be vested in the State.

(2)    This section applies to all land (including land covered by water) which—

(a)    is in Nigeria; or

(b)    is under the territorial waters of Nigeria; or

(c)    forms part of the continental shelfs; or

(d)    forms part of the Exclusive Economic Zone of Nigeria.

(3)    In this section references to “territorial waters” are references to the expression as defined in the Territorial Waters Act.

2. (1) Subject to this Act, the Minister may grant—

(a)    a licence, to be known as an oil exploration licence, to explore for petroleum;

(b)    a licence, to be known as an oil prospecting licence, to prospect for petroleum; and

                        

(c)    a lease, to be known as an oil mining lease, to search for, win, work, carry away and dispose of petroleum.

(2)    A licence or lease under this section may be granted only to a company incorporated in Nigeria under the Companies and Allied Matters Act or any corresponding law.

(3)    The provisions of the First Schedule to this Act shall, in so far as they are applicable, have effect in relation to licences and leases granted under this section.

3. (1) No refinery shall be constructed or operated in Nigeria without a licence granted by the Minister.

(2)  Licences granted under this section shall be in the prescribed form and shall be subject to the prescribed terms and conditions or, where no form is prescribed or no terms or conditions are prescribed, in such form or subject to such terms and conditions as may be decided or imposed by the Minister.

(3)  There shall be charged in respect of every licence granted under this section such application fees and such other fees as may be prescribed.

(4)  The provisions of this section are additional to the provisions of the Hydrocarbon Oil Refineries Act.

4. (1) Subject to this section, no person shall import, store, sell or distribute any petroleum products in Nigeria without a licence granted by the Minister.

(2)    Subsection (1) of this section shall not apply in respect of—

(a)    the storage, sale or distribution of not more than 500 litres of kerosene, and such other categories of petroleum products as may be exempted from the application of subsection (1) of this section by the Minister by order published in the Federal Gazette;

(b)  storage of petroleum products undertaken otherwise than in connection with the importation, sale or distribution of petroleum products.

(3)  Licences granted by the Minister under this section shall be subject to the prescribed terms and conditions where no form is prescribed or no terms or conditions are prescribed, in such form and on such terms and conditions as may be decided or imposed by the Minister.

(4)  There shall be charged in respect of every licence granted under this section application fees and such other fees as may be prescribed.

(5)  The Minister may by order published in the Federal Gazette delegate the power to grant licences under this section to such persons or authorities in a State as he may deem fit.

(6)  Any person who does, without the appropriate licence, any act for which a licence is required under this section shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to imprisonment for two years or a fine of N2,000 or both, and, in addition, the petroleum products in respect of which the offence was committed shall be forfeited.

5. (1) If any oil marketing company in pursuance of any agreement or arrangement between it and any other oil marketing company borrows any petroleum products from any other oil marketing company and fails to return to that company an equivalent quantity of the petroleum products borrowed within two weeks of the date on which the petroleum products were borrowed, the first-named oil marketing company shall be guilty of an offence and on conviction shall be liable to a fine of N100 per metric ton of the petroleum products concerned.

(2)  If any oil marketing company at any time registers only unpumpable stock in respect of petroleum products stored in its depot at Apapa, Lagos, that company shall be guilty of an offence and shall on conviction be liable to a fine of N5,000 for each day during which only unpumpable stock is registered.

(3)  In this section, “oil marketing company” means any company in respect of which a marketer’s licence has been granted by the Minister under section 4 of this Act.

6. (1)        The Minister may by order published in the Federal Gazette fix the prices at which petroleum products or any particular class or classes thereof may be sold in Nigeria or in any particular part or parts thereof.

(2)  The Minister may by notice in writing require any person appearing to him to have or to be likely to have access to information which is relevant to the fixing of any prices of the kind mentioned in subsection (1) of this section to supply that information to the Minister, and any person so required shall be legally bound to use his best endeavours to supply the information accordingly.

 

7. (1) In the event of a state of national emergency or war the Minister shall have the right of pre-emption of all petroleum and petroleum products obtained, marketed or otherwise dealt with under any licence or lease granted under this Act.

(2)    The provisions of the Second Schedule to this Act shall have effect in relation to the right mentioned in subsection (1) of this section.

(3)  Any person who, without reasonable excuse (the burden of proof of which shall lie on him), fails to comply with a requisition made by or on behalf of the Minister under paragraph 1, 2 or 7 of the Second Schedule to this Act, or fails to conform to or obey a direction issued by the Minister under paragraph 8 of the Second Schedule to this Act, shall be guilty of an offence and on conviction shall be liable to a fine not exceeding N2,000.

(4)  Any person who obstructs or interferes with the Minister or his servants or agents in the exercise of the powers conferred on the Minister by paragraph 8 of the Second Schedule to this Act shall be guilty of an offence and on conviction shall be liable to a fine not exceeding N200 or to imprisonment for a period not exceeding six months, or to both.

(5)  The Minister may, for the purpose of subsection (1) of this section, advise the President to declare a state of national emergency if the Minister is satisfied that, as a result of the low level of availability of petroleum and petroleum products—

(a)  there is an actual breakdown of public order and public safety in the Federation or any part thereof; or

(b)  there is a clear and present danger of actual breakdown of public order or public safety in the Federation or any part thereof.

(6)   The President may, on receiving the advice of the Minister under subsection (5) of this section, declare a state of national emergency under the provisions of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999 for the purpose of subsection (1) of this section, if he is satisfied that it is necessary to do so.

 

8. (1) The Minister—

(a)  shall exercise general supervision over all operations carried on under licences and leases granted under this Act;

(b)  shall report annually to the Federal Government on the progress of the oil industry in Nigeria;

(c)   shall have access at all times to the areas covered by oil exploration licences, oil prospecting licences and oil mining leases, and to all refineries and installations which are subject to this Act, for the purpose of inspecting the operations conducted therein and enforcing the provisions of this Act and any regulations made thereunder and the conditions of any licences or leases granted under this Act or under any corresponding law for the time being in force in Nigeria;

(d)  may arrest without warrant any person whom he finds committing, or whom he reasonably suspects of having committed, any offence under this Act or any regulations made thereunder, and shall hand over any person so arrested to a police officer with as little delay as possible;

(e)  may by notice in writing require the holder of a licence or lease granted under this Act or any contractor working for the holder (or any servant or agent of the holder or the contractor) to appear before him at a reasonable time and place to give such information as he may require about the operations being conducted under the licence or lease, and every person so required to appear shall be legally bound to comply with the notice and give the information;

(f)   may direct in writing that operations under a licence or lease granted under this Act shall be suspended in any area until arrangements have been made which in his opinion are necessary to prevent danger to life or property;

(g)  may direct in writing the suspension of any operations which in his opinion are not being conducted in accordance with good oil field practice; and

(h)  may direct in writing the suspension of any operations where in his opinion a contravention of this Act or any regulations made thereunder has been or may have been or is likely to be committed.

(2)  The Director of Geological Survey shall have access at all times to the areas covered by oil exploration licences, oil prospecting licences and oil mining leases for the purpose of inspecting geophysical and geological operation therein.

9. (1) The Minister may make regulations—

(a)  prescribing anything requiring to be prescribed for the purposes of this Act;

(b)  providing generally for matters relating to licences and leases granted under this Act and operations carried on thereunder, including—

(i)       safe working;

(ii)      the conservation of petroleum resources;

(iii)     the prevention of pollution of water courses and the atmosphere;

(iv)     the making of reports and returns (including the reporting of accidents);

(v)      inquiries into accidents;

(vi)     the keeping and inspection of records, books, statistics, accounts and plans;

(vii)    the measurement of production; and

(viii)     the measurement of crude oil delivered to refineries;

(c)   regulating the construction, maintenance and operation of installations used in pursuance of this Act;

(d)  regulating refineries and refining operations, and, where two or more refineries are in operation, specifying—

(i)       the proportion or quantity of crude oil to be supplied to each refinery;

(ii)      the share of each refinery in the total market; and

(iii)     the prices of refinery products;

(e)  regulating the importation, handling, storage and distribution of petroleum, petroleum products and other flammable oils and liquids, and in particular (without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing)—

(i)       prohibiting the importation or exportation of petroleum or petroleum products except at specified ports or places;

(ii)      prescribing the notice to be given (and the person by whom the same shall be given) on the arrival at a port of a ship carrying petroleum or petroleum products as cargo;

(iii)     defining dangerous petroleum and dangerous petroleum products, prescribing anchorages for ships carrying dangerous petroleum or dangerous petroleum products as cargo and requiring those ships to proceed to and remain at those anchorages;

(iv)     regulating the loading, unloading, transport within a port, landing, trans-shipment and shipment of petroleum and petroleum products;

(v)      providing for the licensing of lighters and other craft to carry petroleum and petroleum products within a port;

(vi)     prescribing conditions and restrictions to be imposed upon vessels arriving at a port after having carried petroleum, petroleum products, dangerous petroleum or dangerous petroleum products;

(vii)    providing for the examination and testing of petroleum and petroleum products, and prescribing the tests to be applied to ascertain its flash-point and the method of applying those tests; and

(viii)    subject to subsection (2) of this section, regulating the transport of petroleum and petroleum products, prescribing the quantity of petroleum and petroleum products which may be carried in any vessel, cart, truck, railway wagon or other vehicle, the manner in which they shall be stored when being so carried, the receptacles in which they shall be contained when being so carried and the quantities to be contained in those receptacles, and providing for the search and inspection of any such vessel, cart, truck, railway wagon or other vehicle;

(f)   conferring or imposing on public officers for the purposes of this Act powers and duties additional to those conferred or imposed by section 8 of this Act;

(g)  where paragraph (a) of this subsection does not apply; prescribing—

(i)       forms to be used for the purposes of this Act; and

(ii)      fees to be charged in connection with the operation of this Act (including, without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing, fees for the giving of any permission by the Minister and for the supplying of any document or other material, the carrying out of any examination and the doing of any other thing by him); and

(h)  providing for such other matters as in his opinion may be necessary or desirable in order to give proper effect to this Act.

(2)  Regulations made under subsection (1) (e) (viii) of this section shall apply only where petroleum or petroleum products are being transported—

(a)  on the waters mentioned in item 36 (a) and (b) of Part I of the Second Schedule to the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999; or

(b)  by railway or transport ancillary thereto; or

(c)   on trunk roads within the meaning of item 62 of that Part of that Schedule.

10.  An obligation to pay any fees, rent, royalty, premium or other sum imposed by or under this Act shall be discharged if, and only if, the payment is made within the time provided by or under this Act (or, where no time is so provided, within a reasonable time) to the Minister or his duly authorised representative.

11. (1)      Where by any provision of this Act or any regulations made thereunder a question or dispute is to be settled by arbitration, the question or dispute shall be settled in accordance with the law relating to arbitration in the appropriate State and the provision shall be treated as a submission to arbitration for the purposes of that law.

(2)  In this section “the appropriate State” means the State agreed by all parties to a question or dispute to be appropriate in the circumstances or, if there is no such agreement, the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja.

12. (1)      The Minister may by writing under his hand delegate to another person any power conferred on him by or under this Act except the power to make orders and regulations.

(2)  The Minister or the Director of Geological Survey may by writing under his hand delegate any power conferred on him by or under this Act to another public officer.

13. (1)Any person who interferes with or obstructs the holder of a licence or lease granted under section 2 of this Act (or his servants or agents) in the exercise of any rights, power or liberty conferred by the licence or lease shall be guilty of an offence and on conviction shall be liable to a fine not exceeding N200 or to imprisonment for a period not exceeding six months, or to both.

(2)  Any person who—

(a)  constructs or operates a refinery in Nigeria without a licence granted under section 3 of this Act; or

(b)  in any land to which section 1 of this Act applies—

(i)       explores for petroleum without an oil exploration licence; or

(ii)      prospects for petroleum without an oil prospecting licence; or

(iii)     wins or works petroleum otherwise than in pursuance of a licence or lease granted under this Act; or

(iv)     does, without the appropriate licence, any act for which a licence is required under any regulations made under this Act,

shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding N2,000.

(3)  Any person who contravenes any provision of an order made under section 6 of this Act shall be guilty of an offence and on conviction shall be liable to a fine not exceeding N2,000.

(4)  Where a person is convicted of an offence under subsection (2) or (3) of this section in respect of any petroleum or petroleum products, then, in addition to any penalty imposed under the subsection in question, the convicting court may—

(a)  order the petroleum or petroleum products to be forfeited; or

(b)  order that person to pay to the Minister the value of the petroleum or petroleum products.

14. (1)The enactments specified in the Third Schedule to this Act are hereby repealed to the extent therein specified.

(2)    The reference to petroleum licence in section 140 (1) and (2) of the Minerals and Mining Act shall be construed as including a reference to this Act.

(3)    The transitional and savings provisions in the Fourth Schedule to this Act shall have effect notwithstanding any other provision of this Act.

15. (1)      In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires

“Barrel” means a barrel of 42 United States gallons;

“Continental shelf” means the seabed and subsoil of those submarine areas adjacent to the coast of Nigeria the surface of which lies at a depth no greater than 200 metres (or, where its natural resources are capable of exploitation, at any depth) below the surface of the sea, excluding so much of those areas as lies below the territorial waters of Nigeria;

“Crude oil” means oil in its natural state before it has been refined or treated (excluding water and other foreign substances);

“Explore” in relation to petroleum, means to make a preliminary search by surface geological and geophysical methods, including aerial surveys but excluding drilling below 91.44 metres;

“Minister” means the Minister of Petroleum Resources;

“Natural gas” means gas obtained from boreholes and wells and consisting primarily of hydrocarbons;

“Petroleum”  means mineral oil (or any related hydrocarbon) or natural gas as it exists in its natural state in strata, and does not include coal or bituminous shales or other stratified deposits from which oil can be extracted by destructive distillation;

“petroleum products” includes motor spirit, gas oil, diesel oil, automotive gas oil, fuel oil, aviation fuel, kerosene, liquefied petroleum gases and any lubrication oil or grease or other lubricant;

“Prospect” in relation to petroleum, means search for by all geological and geophysical methods, including drilling and seismic operations;

“Refinery” means petroleum refinery;

“Rent” includes any annual or other periodic charge made in respect of a licence granted under section 2 of this Act;

“State” except in section 1 of this Act, means a State of the Federation.

(2)  References in this Act to the Director of Geological Survey are references to the persons for the time being holding, acting in or performing the functions of the offices so designated in the public service of the Federation as defined in the Constitution of the Federal Republic Nigeria 1999.

 

16. (1)      This Act may be cited as the Petroleum Act.

(2)  This Act, except section 6 and the Second Schedule thereof, shall come into force on 27 November 1969.

 

First Schedule

Oil exploration licences, oil prospecting licences and oil mining leases

Oil exploration licences

1   An oil exploration licence shall apply to the area specified therein which may be any area on which a premium has not been placed by the Minister, and shall authorise the licensee to undertake exploration for petroleum in the area of the licence, excluding land in respect of which the grant of an oil prospecting licence or oil mining lease has been approved by the Minister and land in respect of which an oil prospecting licence or oil mining lease is in force.

 2.    An oil exploration licence shall not confer any exclusive rights over the area of the licence, and the grant of an oil exploration licence in respect of any area shall not preclude the grant of another oil exploration licence or of an oil prospecting licence or oil mining lease over the same area or any part thereof.

 3.   An oil exploration licence shall terminate on 31 December next following the date on which it was granted, but the licensee shall have an option to renew the licence for one further year if—

(a)   he has fulfilled in respect of the licence, all obligations imposed upon him by this Act or otherwise;

(b)   the Minister is satisfied with work done and the reports submitted by the licensee in pursuance of the licence; and

(c)   an application for renewal has been made at least three months before the date of expiry of the licence.

4.    An oil exploration licence shall not confer any right to the grant of an oil prospecting licence or an oil mining lease.

 

Oil prospecting licences 

5.         The holder of an oil prospecting licence shall have the exclusive right to explore and prospect for petroleum within the area of his licence.

 

6.         The duration of an oil prospecting licence shall be determined by the Minister, but shall not exceed five years (including any periods of renewal).

 

7.    The holder of an oil prospecting licence may carry away and dispose of petroleum won during prospecting operations, subject to the fulfilment of obligations imposed upon him by or under this Act (including any special terms or conditions imposed under paragraph 34 of this Schedule) or by the Petroleum Profits Tax Act or any other law imposing taxation in respect of petroleum.

 Oil mining leases

 8.  An oil mining lease may be granted only to the holder of an oil prospecting licence who has—

(a)  satisfied all the conditions imposed on the licence or otherwise imposed on him by this Act; and

(b)  discovered oil in commercial quantities.

 9.    For the purposes of paragraph 8 of this Schedule, oil shall be deemed to have been discovered in commercial quantities by the holder of an oil prospecting licence if the Minister, upon evidence adduced by the licensee, is satisfied that the licensee is capable of producing at least 10,000 barrels per day of crude oil from the licensed area.

10.  The term of an oil mining lease shall not exceed twenty years, but may be renewed in accordance with this Act.

11 Subject to this Act and any special terms or conditions imposed under paragraph 34 of this Schedule, the lessee of an oil mining lease shall have the exclusive right within the leased area to conduct exploration and prospecting operations and to win, get, work, store, carry away, transport, export or otherwise treat petroleum discovered in or under the leased area.

12.  (1)Ten years after the grant of an oil mining lease, one half of the area of the lease shall be relinquished.

(2)  Paragraph 18 of this Schedule shall apply to the relinquished area.

 

13. (1)The lessee of an oil mining lease shall be entitled to apply in writing to the Minister, not less than twelve months before the expiration of the lease, for a renewal of the lease either in respect of the whole of the leased area or any particular part thereof; and the renewal shall be granted if the lessee has paid all rent and royalties due and has otherwise performed all his obligations under the lease.

(2)  Paragraph 12 of this Schedule shall not apply in relation to a lease which has been renewed under this paragraph.

Assignments

14.  Without the prior consent of the Minister, the holder of an oil prospecting licence or an oil mining lease shall not assign his licence or lease, or any right, power or interest therein or thereunder.

15.  The prescribed fee shall be paid on an application for an assignment under paragraph 14 of this Schedule and the Minister’s consent for the assignment may be given on payment of such other fee or such premium, or both, and upon such terms, as he may decide:

Provided that the Minister may waive payment of that other fee or that premium, or both, if he is satisfied that the assignment is to be made to a company in a group of which the assignor is a member, and is to be made for the purpose of re-organisation in order to achieve greater efficiency and to acquire resources for more effective petroleum operations.

16.  The Minister shall not give his consent to an assignment unless he is satisfied that—

(a)  the proposed assignee is of good reputation, or is a member of a group of companies of good reputation, or is owned by a company or companies of good reputation;

(b)  there is likely to be available to the proposed assignee (from his own resources or through other companies in the group of which he is a member, or otherwise) sufficient technical knowledge and experience and sufficient financial resources to enable him to effectually carry out a programme satisfactory to the Minister in respect of operations under the licence or lease which is to be assigned; and

(c)   the proposed assignee is in all other respects acceptable to the Federal Government.

Farm-out

7. (1) The holder of an oil mining lease may, with the consent of and on such terms and conditions as may be approved by the President, farm out any marginal field which lies within the leased area.

(2)  The President may cause the farm-out of a marginal field if the marginal field has been left unattended for a period of not less than ten years from the date of the first discovery of the marginal field.

(3)  The President shall not give his consent to a farm-out or cause the farm-out of a marginal field unless he is satisfied—

(a)  that it is in the public interest so to do, and, in addition, in the case of a non-producing marginal field, that the marginal field has been left unattended for an unreasonable time, not being less than ten years; and

(b)  that the parties to the farm-out are in all respects acceptable to the Federal Government.

(4)  For the purposes of this paragraph—

“Farm-out” means an agreement between the holder of an oil mining lease and a third party which permits the third party to explore, prospect, win, work and carry away any petroleum encountered in a specified area during the validity of the lease;

“Marginal field” means such field as the President may, from time to time, identify as a marginal field.

Terminations

18. (1) The holder of an oil prospecting licence or oil mining lease may, at any time, terminate his licence or lease by giving to the Minister not less than three months’ notice in writing to that effect.

(2)  Where notice is given under this paragraph, no rent paid shall be refundable, and the termination shall otherwise be without prejudice to any obligation or liability imposed by or incurred under the licence or lease before the effective date of termination.

19. (1) Without prejudice to paragraph 12 of this Schedule, the holder of an oil prospecting licence or oil mining lease shall be entitled at any time on giving three months’ notice in writing to the Minister to surrender the licence or lease in respect of any particular part of the licensed or leased area.

(2)  Paragraphs 19 to 22 of this Schedule shall apply where a surrender is made under this paragraph.

20.  The shape and size of the area to be retained and of the area to be relinquished shall be approved by the Minister.

21.  Subject to the provisions of all the relevant laws and on such terms and conditions as may be approved by the Minister, the licensee or lessee shall be entitled to such way-leaves for the laying, operation and maintenance of pipelines, telephones and the like through or across the surrendered area or areas as he may reasonably require—

(a)  for the carrying on of operations under the licence or lease; or

(b)  for inter-communication and passage between retained areas (and, in the case of licences or leases in the continental shelf, between retained areas and onshore lands),

and any such way-leaves shall form part or be included in the calculation of the amount of the retained areas.

22.  There shall be reserved to the Minister over the retained part such way-leaves, easements or other rights as in his opinion are necessary or desirable for the laying, operation and maintenance of pipelines, telephone lines and power-lines; and any way-leaves or other rights so reserved shall enure for the benefit of any person or body to whom the Minister may subsequently grant the same to the extent that he may so grant them.

23.  No rent paid shall be refundable, but the surrender shall otherwise be without prejudice to any obligation or liability imposed by or incurred under the licence or lease before the effective date of surrender.

Revocations

24. (1) The Minister may revoke any oil prospecting licence or oil mining lease if the licensee or lessee becomes controlled directly or indirectly by a citizen of, or subject of, or a company incorporated in, any country which is—

(a)  a country other than the licensee’s or lessee’s country of origin; and

(b)  a country the laws of which do not permit citizens of Nigeria or Nigerian companies to acquire, hold and operate petroleum concessions on conditions which in the opinion of the Minister are reasonably comparable with the conditions upon which such concessions are granted to subjects of that country.

(2)  In this paragraph “Nigerian company” means a company incorporated in Nigeria or a company controlled directly or indirectly by citizens of Nigeria.

25. (1)The Minister may revoke any oil prospecting licence or oil mining lease if in his opinion the licensee or lessee—

(a)    is not conducting operations—

(i)     continuously;

(ii)    in a vigorous and businesslike manner in accordance with the basic work programme approved for the licensee or lessee; and

(iii)    in accordance with good oil field practice; or

(b)    has failed to comply with any provision of this Act or any regulation or direction given thereunder or is not fulfilling his obligations under the special conditions of his licence or lease; or

(c)    fails to pay his due rent or royalties, whether or not they have been demanded by the Minister, within the period specified by or in pursuance of this Act; or

(d)    has failed to furnish such reports on his operations as the Minister may lawfully require.

(2)    Paragraphs 26 to 30 of this Schedule shall apply where there is revocation under this paragraph.

26.   The Minister shall inform the licensee or lessee of the grounds on which the revocation is contemplated and shall invite the licensee or lessee to make any explanation if he so desires.

27.   If the Minister is satisfied with the explanation, he may invite the licensee or lessee to rectify the matter complained of within a specified period.

28.  If—

(a)  the licensee or lessee makes no or no sufficient explanation; or

(b)  does not rectify the matter complained of within the specified period, the Minister may revoke the licence or lease.

29.  A notice sent to the last-known address of the licensee or lessee or his legal representative in Nigeria and published in the Federal Gazette shall, for all purposes, be sufficient notice to him of the revocation of the licence or lease.

30.  The revocation shall be without prejudice to any liabilities which the licensee or lessee may have incurred, or to any claim against him which may have accrued to the Federal Government.

Fees, rents and royalties

31.  There shall be paid in respect of licences and leases to which this Schedule applies such application fees as may be prescribed.

32.  There shall be paid in respect of licences and leases to which this Schedule applies such rents as may be prescribed.

33.  Royalties shall be paid at the prescribed rates or, where rates are specified in special terms and conditions attached to the relevant licence or lease, at the rates so specified.

General and supplementary

34.  Licences and leases to which this Schedule applies shall be in the prescribed form or, where no form is prescribed, in such form as the Minister considers suitable.

35.  If he considers it to be in the public interest, the Minister may impose on a licence or lease to which this Schedule applies special terms and conditions not inconsistent with this Act including (without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing) terms and conditions as to—

(a)  participation by the Federal Government in the venture to which the licence or lease relates, on terms to be negotiated between the Minister and the applicant for the licence or lease; and

(b)  special provisions applying to any natural gas discovered, which provisions shall include—

(i)   the right of the Federal Government to take natural gas produced with crude oil by the licensee or lessee free of cost at the flare or at an agreed cost and without payment of royalty;

(ii)   the obligation of the licensee or lessee to obtain the approval of the Federal Government as to the price at which natural gas produced by the licensee or lessee (and not taken by the Federal Government) is sold; and

(iii)  a requirement for the payment by the licensee or lessee of royalty on natural gas produced and sold.

36.   The holder of an oil prospecting licence or oil mining lease shall—

(a)  have a general right to enter and remain on the licensed or leased lands and do such things as are authorised by the licence or lease; and

(b)  shall comply with any enactment relating to town or country planning or regulating the construction, alteration, repair or demolition of buildings, or providing for similar matters, which affects him in carrying out the operations authorised by the licence or lease.

37.  The holder of an oil exploration licence, oil prospecting licence or oil mining lease shall, in addition to any liability for compensation to which he may be subject under any other provision of this Act, be liable to pay fair and adequate compensation for the disturbance of surface or other rights to any person who owns or is in lawful occupation of the licensed or leased lands.

38.  The holder of an oil mining lease shall ensure that—

(a)  within ten years from the grant of his lease—

(i)   the number of citizens of Nigeria employed by him in connection with the lease in managerial, professional and supervisory grades (or any corresponding grades designated by him in a manner approved by the Minister) shall reach at least 75% of the total number of persons employed by him in those grades; and

(ii)   the number of citizens of Nigeria in any one such grade shall be not less than 60% of the total; and

(b)    all skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled workers are citizens of Nigeria.

39.   The holder of any licence or lease to which this Schedule applies shall at all times indemnify and keep harmless the Federal Government, the Minister and every officer in the civil service of the Federation or the States (and their agents) against all actions, costs, charges, claims and demands howsoever which may be made or brought by any third party in relation to any matter or thing done or purported to be done in pursuance of this Act.

40.   If any fee, rent or royalty due under this Act is unpaid for a period of one month after the date when it becomes due (whether legally demanded or not), the Minister may, in addition to any other remedies which may be available—

(a)  enter into and upon any land, property or premises possessed or occupied by the licensee or lessee in connection with the licence or lease; and

(b)  seize and distrain and sell as landlords may do for rents in arrear, any petroleum, petroleum products, engines, machinery, tools, implements or other effects belonging to the licensee or lessee which may be found in or upon the land, property or premises; and

(c)   out of moneys arising from the sale of the distress, retain and pay off the arrears of the said fee, rent or royalty and also the costs and expenses incident to the distress and sale, rendering the surplus (if any) to the licensee or lessee.

41. (1) Failure on the part of the holder of a licence or lease to which this Schedule applies to fulfil any of the terms or conditions of the licence or lease shall not (except as may be otherwise provided for in or in relation to the licence or lease) give the Minister any claim against the licensee or lessee, or be deemed a breach of the licence or lease, if the failure arises from causes beyond the control of the licensee or lessee.

(2)  If from any such cause the fulfilment by any such licensee or lessee of any term or condition of his licence or lease or of any provision of this Act is delayed, the period of delay shall be added to the period fixed for the fulfilment of the term or condition.

42.  If any question or dispute arises in connection with any licence or lease to which this Schedule applies between the Minister and the licensee or lessee (including a question or dispute as to the payment of any fee, rent or royalty), the question or dispute shall be settled by arbitration unless it relates to a matter expressly excluded from arbitration or expressed to be at the discretion of the Minister.

 

Second Schedule

Rights of pre-emption

1.    The Minister shall have the right to require the holder of any licence or lease granted under this Act (the holder in question being referred to in this Schedule as “the licensee or lessee”)—

(a)  to provide for the Federal Government, to the extent of any refinery capacity he may have in Nigeria, petroleum products complying with specifications given by the Minister;

(b)  to deliver to any person holding a licence to operate a refinery, such quantity and quality of crude oil as may be specified by the Minister to the extent that the licensee or lessee has crude oil of that quantity and quality.

2.    The licensee or lessee shall use his best endeavours to increase so far as possible with his existing facilities the supply of petroleum or petroleum products, or both, for the Federal Government to the extent required by the Minister.

3.    The licensee or lessee shall, with all reasonable expedition and so as to avoid demurrage on the vessels conveying the same, use his best endeavours to deliver all petroleum or petroleum products purchased by the Minister under his said right of pre-emption in such quantities, and at such places of shipment or storage in Nigeria, as may be determined by the Minister.

4.    If a vessel employed to carry petroleum or petroleum products pursuant to paragraph 3 of this Schedule is detained on demurrage at the port of loading, the licensee or lessee shall pay the amount due for demurrage according to the terms of the charter-party or the rates of loading previously agreed by the licensee or lessee, unless the delay is due to causes beyond the control of the licensee or lessee.

5.    Any dispute which may arise as to whether a delay is due to causes beyond the control of the licensee or lessee shall be settled by agreement between the Minister and the licensee or lessee or, in default of agreement, by arbitration.

6.    The price to be paid for petroleum or petroleum products taken by the Minister in exercise of his said right of pre-emption shall be—

(a)  the reasonable value at the port of delivery, less discounts to be agreed by both parties; or

(b)  if no such agreement has been entered into prior to the exercise of the right of pre-emption, a fair price at the port of delivery to be settled by agreement between the Minister and the licensee or lessee or, in default of agreement, by arbitration.

7.    To assist in arriving at a fair price for the purposes of paragraph 6 (b) of this Schedule, the licensee or lessee shall, if the Minister so requires—

(a)  furnish for his confidential information particulars of the quantities, descriptions and prices of petroleum or petroleum products sold to other customers and of charters or contracts entered into for their carriage; and

(b)  exhibit original or authenticated copies of the relevant contracts or charter-parties.

8.    The Minister may take control of any works, plants or premises of the licensee or lessee; and if he does so, the licensee or lessee and his servants or agents shall conform to and obey all directions issued by the Minister or on his behalf.

9.    Reasonable compensation shall be paid to the licensee or lessee for any loss or damage caused to him by reason of the exercise by the Minister of the powers conferred by paragraph 8 of this Schedule.

10.  Any compensation payable under paragraph 9 of this Schedule shall be settled by agreement between the Minister and the licensee or lessee or, in default of agreement, by arbitration.

 

Third Schedule 

Repeals

Chapter or number

Short title or Citation

Extent of repeal         

Cap. 120 of 1958 Laws of Nigeria

Mineral Oils Act

The whole Act.

Cap. 121

Minerals Act

The words “and mineral oils”, in section 3, together with the words “mineral oils” in the marginal note.

Cap. 150

Petroleum Act

 

The whole Act.

Cap. 151 of 1958 Laws of Nigeria

Petroleum Fuel Control Act

The whole Act.

1967 No 28

Petroleum Control Act 1967 

Section 7.

 

 

Fourth Schedule

 

Transitional and savings provisions

 

1.    Any licence or lease granted under an enactment repealed by this Act shall continue in force notwithstanding the repeal, but shall be subject to this Act and to any regulations made thereunder except as regards the duration of the licence or lease, the rent and royalties payable in respect thereof and any term or condition as to which the Minister certifies that the justice of the case requires that the term or condition in question shall continue to be effective notwithstanding this Act.

 2.   Where a refinery constructed with the approval of the Federal Government, or of any of its predecessors, was in operation immediately before the commencement of this Act—

(a)  it shall be the duty of the persons in control of the refinery to apply in writing within sixty days of the commencement of this Act (or within such further period as the Minister may allow) to the Minister for a licence under section 3 of this Act;

(b)   on receipt of the application the Minister shall grant the licence subject to the payment of such fees (including application fees), such rent and such conditions as he thinks fit, if any; and

(c)   section 12 (2) of this Act shall not have effect in relation to the refinery during the said sixty days or any such further period or, if the application is duly made, until the application is finally disposed of.

3. (1) Any existing operator may, within sixty days of the commencement of this Act or within such further period as the Minister may allow, apply in writing to the Minister for a licence under section 4 (1) of this Act or under any regulations coming into force simultaneously with this Act, and section 16 (2) of this Act, in so far as it relates to the existing operator and to the licence—

(a)  shall not have effect during the said sixty days or any such further period; or

(b)  if such a licence is applied for under this paragraph, have effect in relation to the applicant until his application has been finally disposed of.

(2)  In this paragraph “existing operator”, in relation to a licence, means any person who immediately before the commencement of this Act was carrying on with the knowledge and approval of the Federal Government the activity regulated by the licence.

4. (1) The Mineral Oils (Safety) Regulations 1963 and, to the extent that they were made under section 3 (1) of the Petroleum Act, the Petroleum Regulations 1967, shall be deemed to have been made under section 9 of this Act and may be added to, amended, varied or revoked accordingly.

(2)  The power conferred by sub-paragraph (1) of this paragraph shall be deemed to include power to make any modifications necessary to bring the said regulations into conformity with the powers conferred by the said section 9.

5.    A person shall not be convicted of an offence for doing any act authorised by a licence or lease as saved by paragraph 1 of this Schedule.

6.    Within the twelve months immediately following the commencement of this Act, the Minister may by order in the Federal Gazette make such further transitional or saving provisions (not inconsistent with this Schedule) as he may think necessary or desirable.

 

Petroleum Act

Subsidiary Legislation

 

List of Subsidiary Legislation

 

1.     Minerals Oils (Safety) Regulations.  

2.     Petroleum Regulations.         

3.     Petroleum (Drilling and Production) Regulations.  

4.     Petroleum Refining Regulations.     

5.     Crude Oil (Transportation and Shipment) Regulations.

6.     National Data Repository Regulations 2007   

 

Mineral Oils (Safety) Regulations

Arrangement of Regulations

Part I

Preliminary

1.

Short title.      

2.

Interpretation.

 

 

 

Part II

Duties of licensees and lessees

3.

Duties of licensees and lessees.          

4.

Offences.

 

 

 

Part III

Duties of managers

 

5.

Compliance with regulations.            

6.

Appointment of competent persons.         

7.

Drilling and production operations.

8.

Approaches

9.

Moving machinery

10

Hooks.            

11.

Lifelines.        

 

12.

Boilers and oil treaters.         

13

Internal combustion engines.

14.

Electricity.      

 

15

Pressure vessels.      

16.

Tanks.

17.

Fuel storage tanks.   

18.

Persons entering tanks, etc.

19.

Safe access.   

 

20.

Restricted areas.        

 

21.

Fire precautions

22.

Hydrogen sulphide.

23.

Explosives.    

 

24.

Reporting of accidents.        

25.

Inquiries into accidents.

26.

Publication of Regulations.  

 

27.

Offences.       

 

 

Part IV

Duties of employees 

28.

Competent persons. 

29.

Safety precautions.

30.

Accumulation of rubbish.    

31.

Safety belts, hats and boots

32.

Storage of loose tools in derricks.         

33.

Counterbalance.        

 

34.

Machinery guards.   

35.

Electrical apparatus. 

36.

Signalling equipment.           

37.

Sleeping, drinking, etc., on duty.  

38.

Endangering safety by fire.  

39.

Examination of plant.

40.

Other safety measures.         

41.

Offences.       

 

 

 

Part V

Miscellaneous 

42.

Explosives.    

43.

Buildings.      

44.

Reporting unusual circumstances.           

45.

Reporting of neighbouring workings

46.

Delegation of powers of Director of Petroleum Resources.       

47.

Offences.       

 

 

 

            

Mineral Oils (Safety) Regulations

Deemed to be made under section 9 

11th April, 1962 

Part I

Preliminary

1.    These Regulations may be cited as the Mineral Oils (Safety) Regulations.

2.    In these Regulations, unless the context otherwise requires—

“Child” or “younger person” shall have the same meaning as is assigned to it in the Children and Young Persons Act;

“Class ‘A’ Petroleum” comprises all hydrocarbon liquids having a flash-point up to but not including 73 °F by Abel closed cup test and all petroleum stocks with a flash-point below 200 °F that are being handled at temperatures above their flash point;

“Competent person” means a person appointed by the manager under regulation 6;

“Crude oil” means the natural product of wells or seepages of petroleum oil before such oil has been refined or otherwise treated;

“Dangerous area” means—

(a)  any enclosed premises containing a dangerous location together with a space extending not less than fifty feet measured along the shortest possible path in air of flammable gases or vapour from any point of escape of such gases from such premises; or

(b)  any open premises containing one or more dangerous locations together with a space extending not less than fifty feet in all directions from every such dangerous location;

“Dangerous atmosphere” means an atmosphere containing any flammable gases or vapour in a concentration capable of ignition by an open flame or electric spark;

“Dangerous location” means a location where a leakage or emission of a product which can produce a dangerous atmosphere is normally likely to occur;

“Director of Petroleum Resources” means an officer of the Ministry of Petroleum Resources appointed as such to exercise and perform those powers and duties, as the case may be, as are assigned to him by these Regulations;

“Gas” or “natural gas” means gas obtained from boreholes or released from crude oil and consisting principally of hydrocarbons;

“Gas-free” includes an absence of any concentration of combustible or toxic gases in a vessel, container or any area below the prescribed limits;

“inspector” means a petroleum engineer or other officer appointed in writing by the Director of Petroleum Resources to perform any of the duties detailed in these Regulations or in any of the licences or leases granted under the repealed Mineral Oils Act;

“L.P.G.” means hydrocarbon gas components comprising mainly butane or propane or admixtures thereof capable of being condensed and stored in liquid form in pressure vessels while gaseous at normal temperature and atmospheric pressure;

“Manager” means the person appointed by the licensee under a licence or by the lessee under a lease to be in charge of all operations authorised by the licence or lease;

“Pressure vessel” means a closed vessel of any capacity subjected or which may be subjected to an internal pressure above atmospheric;

“Restricted area” in an installation or oilfield means an area in which certain precautions are necessary to ensure safety by reason of the possible presence of dangerous atmosphere, or because of the operations executed therein;

“Unrestricted area” in an installation or oilfield means an area which is free from petroleum vapour in dangerous or hazardous quantities, and in which it is safe to accommodate boilers, open fires or flames, workshops, service buildings or any other similar structure;

“Wells” includes every borehole drilled or sunk or in the course of being drilled or sunk for the purpose of searching for or producing crude oil or natural gas, and, where the context so admits, all works adjacent to or connected with such boreholes except boreholes which shall have been reported to the Director of Petroleum Resources as abandoned.

 

 

Part II

Duties of Licensees and Lessees

3.    Every licensee or lessee under a licence or lease issued under the repealed Mineral Oils Act shall—

(a)  appoint in writing a person to be the manager who shall have continual charge of all operations authorised by the licence or lease;

(b)  notify the Director of Petroleum Resources in writing of such appointment and of any subsequent appointment in place of an original or later appointment;

(c)   provide sufficient safety belts for the derrickman and hard hats and safety boots of a pattern to be approved by the Director of Petroleum Resources for persons working in every drilling and workover crew;

(d)  provide adequate fire-fighting and first-aid equipment in accordance with good operating practice and to the satisfaction of the Director of Petroleum Resources at every well being drilled or worked over, block station, pump station or installation handling crude oil, natural gas or petroleum product;

(e)  ensure that no person shall drill any borehole for petroleum oil or gas with its centre within 150 feet of any building in which fire or lights other than a flame-proof or explosion-proof electric lighting installation are used, unless the said building shall have been evacuated and fire and exposed lights extinguished for the period when drilling is in progress.

4.    Any licensee or lessee who fails to comply with the provisions of this Part of these Regulations shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding N100 or to imprisonment not exceeding six months or to both such fine and imprisonment.

Part III

Duties of Managers

5.    It shall be the duty of every manager to ensure that the provisions of the Regulations in this Part are fully complied with.

6.    The manager shall appoint in writing competent persons for the purposes of supervising all drilling, production, transmission and loading operations, and shall at once report each appointment and change in appointment to the Director of Petroleum Resources.

 

7.    Where no specific provision is made by these Regulations in respect thereof, all drilling, production, and other operations necessary for the production and subsequent handling of crude oil and natural gas shall conform with good oilfield practice which for the purpose of these Regulations shall be considered to be adequately covered by the appropriate current Institute of Petroleum Safety Codes, the American Petroleum Institute Codes or the American Society of Mechanical Engineers Codes.

8.    Every derrick floor shall have at least two clearly defined approaches which shall in addition be capable of being used as exits in case of danger and which shall be kept clear of obstruction at all times.

9. (1) Every dangerous part of any machinery shall be securely fenced or guarded unless it is in such a position or of such construction as to be as safe to every person employed or working in the premises as it would be if securely fenced or guarded.

(2)  All guards protecting rotary table chains shall be capable of resisting the shock of a breaking chain.

10.  The hook used for hoisting drill pipe, casing, tubing or sucker rods shall be provided with a latch or other device sufficient to prevent the elevator links or other equipment becoming detached from the hook.

11. (1) Unless exemption has been obtained in writing from the Director of Petroleum Resources, every derrick shall be provided with a lifeline or lifelines or other suitable device securely fixed at any platform in the derrick where persons are normally working, and firmly anchored to the ground at least fifty feet from the nearest point of the derrick at an angle not exceeding 45 degrees to the horizontal; and such lifeline or lifelines or other suitable device shall be anchored against the prevailing wind and shall not run over oil tanks or sumps.

(2)  Where a lifeline is employed, a carriage of a type approved by the Director of Petroleum Resources shall be provided.

(3)  The lifeline shall be tested before the start of drilling at weekly intervals thereafter, and all personnel who work in the derrick shall be instructed in its use.

12.  (1)No boiler or oil treater fired by a naked or open flame shall be placed within 150 feet of the centre of any borehole being drilled for crude oil or gas or being worked over, or within 100 feet of a dangerous area.

(2)  As far as is practicable, any such boiler or treater shall be placed upwind from the nearest borehole or well in the direction of the prevailing wind and in a naturally ventilated area.

13. (1) The use of internal combustion engines, whether stationary or otherwise, within 150 feet of the centre of any borehole being drilled for crude oil or gas or being worked over, or within 100 feet of a dangerous area is not permitted unless—

(a)  such precautions as are approved by the Director of Petroleum Resources are taken to prevent fire or explosion; and

(b)   exposed metal surfaces on exhaust manifolds do not exceed 700 °F in temperature.

(2)  Exhaust gases from internal combustion engines shall not be released into the atmosphere within 150 feet of the centre of any borehole being drilled for crude oil or gas or being worked over or within 100 feet of a dangerous area:

Provided that the provisions of this paragraph shall not apply to motor vehicles, power-driven vessels, hovercraft, helicopters, or to internal combustion engines and exhausts of which are fitted with flame-proof attachments of a type approved by the Director of Petroleum Resources.

14. (1) Where electricity is used at a borehole being drilled for or producing crude oil or gas, or in any other dangerous area, the installation provided shall comply in every respect with the Institute of Petroleum Electrical Code.

(2)   Every derrick at any well being drilled or brought into production shall be fitted with a switch adjacent to the driller’s normal working position capable of cutting off the electrical current from the electrical installation in the derrick.

(3)  All electrical apparatus for power purposes of whatsoever description shall, when installed in a dangerous area, either—

(a)  be certified flame-proof, group II, in conformity with British Standard 229; or

(b)   be constructed in compliance with the United States National Electrical Safety Code and the National Board of Fire Underwriters National Electric Code for explosion-proof electrical apparatus and equipment, and all cable glands and bolted cable couplers shall be constructed and installed in conformity with the relevant British Standard for flame-proof fittings of this type, or the relevant American Codes where explosion-proof fittings are used.

(4)  All apparatus, cables, fittings and other equipment shall be installed and maintained to ensure that neither the flame-proof nor explosion-proof characteristics, as the case may be, are invalidated.

(5)   All apparatus, including all associated wiring, within a dangerous area, for communication purposes, (that is, telephones and bells) shall be certified intrinsically safe in conformity with British Standard 1259 or the corresponding United States Code (explosion-proof).

15.  All pressure vessels and their fittings in use in oilfield installations shall meet the American Society of Mechanical Engineers Codes and as far as their routine inspection and testing are concerned, these shall comply with the requirements of the Factories Act, and a record of such inspection and testing shall be maintained to the satisfaction of the Director of Petroleum Resources; and in particular, the following matters shall be carried out and recorded—

(a)  oil heaters shall be examined at intervals of not more than twelve months and the fire tubes replaced when below the minimum thickness. At the same time other parts and fittings, both internal and external, shall be examined;

(b)  all compressed-air receivers shall be drained of liquid daily. Where the internal surface of the receiver cannot be examined, and in any event not less often than once in every 26 months, the receiver shall be tested hydraulically to the recommended test pressure;

(c)   gas separators shall be tested whenever the opportunity occurs and at intervals not exceeding five years. They shall be tested to the recommended test pressure which shall not be less than one-and-one-half times the design working pressure;

(d)  relief valves and safety valves shall be inspected at least once in every 26 months or at such shorter intervals as shall be necessary to maintain them in a satisfactory condition and to ensure that they operate effectively as soon as the safe working pressure is exceeded. They shall be set to operate at a pressure not exceeding ten per cent above the working pressure and shall pass full design quantity at this setting. All safety valves shall be stamped or tagged at their set popping-pressure, and where appropriate, bursting discs may be used in lieu of safety valves;

(e)  every pressure vessel shall be fitted with a tested pressure gauge, graduated in pounds per square inch or the metric equivalent. Such gauges shall be checked for accuracy at intervals not exceeding six months;

(f)   all new pipework shall be tested in accordance with A.S.M.E. working standards to 1.25 times the maximum intended working pressure before being put into service; and pipework shall also be similarly tested when alterations or repairs have been carried out.

16.  (1) All permanently placed bulk storage tanks containing Class A petroleum (which for the purposes of this regulation includes crude oil) shall be installed within a bond wall capable of containing the contents of the largest tank plus ten per cent of the remaining tanks; and where there is only one tank, the bond wall shall in the event of an emergency conflagration, be capable of containing the contents of the tank unless the piping facilities are approved as adequate to remove them.

(2)  In addition the tanks referred to in paragraph (1) of this regulation shall—

(a)  be fitted with access doors sufficiently large to enable easy access and vents capable of relieving any excess pressure or vacuum;

(b)  have access to their roofs by means of a ladder or staircase of a type approved by the Director of Petroleum Resources and all floating roof tanks shall have an adequate wind girder;

(c)   have provision made for containing any leakage to prevent oil contaminating the water when located above water; and

(d)  be provided with efficient electrical earth connections independent of pipe connections, having an electrical resistance value not exceeding ten ohms when measured by an earth resistance tester of the “Megger” or similar type.

(3)  Before permitting workmen to enter a tank which had previously contained petroleum products it shall be gas-free and the concentration of gas determined; and all feed and vent lines shall be disconnected and blanked off, and tank hatches shall be kept open.

(4)  During tank-cleaning operations adequate ventilation shall be provided inside the tank and, as work progresses, frequent tests shall be made to detect increases in gas concentration.

(5)  If the gas concentration exceeds 0.05 per cent, gas masks shall be worn, tools shall be incapable of causing sparks, and hand lamps and torches used shall either—

(a)  be certified flame-proof, group II, in conformity with British Standard 229; or

(b)  be constructed in compliance with the United States National Electric Safety Code and the National Board of Fire Underwriters National Electric Code for explosion-proof electrical apparatus and equipment.

 

17.  All petrol, diesel oil or L.P.G. tanks shall be sited at least 100 feet from the centre of any well being drilled or worked over or any dangerous area in a direction downwind from the prevailing wind where possible; and all noxious or inflammable gases vented from storage tanks shall be carried a safe distance from regular operating areas and be properly disposed of.

18.  (1) Unless a tank that has contained petroleum has been certified safe by a competent person it shall not be entered by any person without a lifeline and unless accompanied by a second person who shall stand at a safe distance but in a position to observe if the first person is overcome by gas or fumes.

(2)  No person shall enter a sump or well cellar which has contained petroleum without a lifeline and unless accompanied by a second person who shall stand at a safe distance but in a position to observe if the first person is overcome by gas or fumes.

(3)  The second person mentioned in paragraphs (1) and (2) of this regulation, if an accident occurs, shall call for help and shall render such assistance as is practicable without entering the tank, sump or well cellar until the help arrives.

19.  Safe access shall be provided on all drilling rigs and other installations, with non-slip walkways and handrails leading over complex pipe systems and other obstructions. Drains in the area of general access shall be covered.

20. (1)All wells, block stations, pump-stations, tank farms and similar installations shall constitute a restricted area, the boundaries of which shall be clearly defined.

(2)  Only persons authorised by a competent person shall be admitted to restricted areas.

(3)  A notice shall be prominently displayed at the entrance of a restricted area giving details of the nature of the restrictions.

21.  (1) Convenient to each well being drilled or worked over, block station or other installation where petroleum is handled, there shall be provided and kept in readiness to the reasonable satisfaction of the Director of Petroleum Resources for immediate use, adequate means designed to extinguish fire.

(2)  Each item of the fire-fighting equipment shall be inspected and tested by a competent person appointed for the purpose at appropriate intervals; and the date of last inspection shall be painted on the appliance and the result of the inspection entered in a log book kept for that purpose.

(3)   Personnel employed on a site shall be instructed in the use of the fire-fighting equipment; and instructions to personnel in case of fire shall be clearly and concisely expressed and prominently displayed.(

(4)  “No smoking” signs shall be posted as needed in restricted areas.

(5)  Whenever a gas or oil fire occurs at a well, block station or other installation handling petroleum, a report of the circumstances and probable cause shall be forwarded to the nearest inspector and to the Director of Petroleum Resources within 48 hours.

(6)   When pipelines are run in open trenches, firestops shall be provided at such intervals as the Director of Petroleum Resources may require, save that the distance between any two firestops shall not exceed 300 feet.

22. (1) The occurrence of hydrogen sulphide gas in any gas or oil well shall be reported to the nearest inspector and to the Director of Petroleum Resources within 48 hours.

(2)  Tests shall be made immediately to determine the concentration of hydrogen sulphide, and if found hazardous, steps shall be taken immediately to protect all personnel working on the well; and the danger of breathing hydrogen-sulphide bearing gas shall be made known.

(3)  The precautions taken shall include the provision of an adequate number of “blower”, or self-contained oxygen or compressed air type breathing apparatuses at the well and on any subsequent well in the same field or on any other well likely to penetrate the hydrogen-sulphide bearing formation.

23. (1) The requirements of the Explosives Regulations shall be fully observed at all times.

(2)  A report shall be made to the Director of Petroleum Resources whenever the use of explosives has been authorised by the manager under regulation 42 of these Regulations.

24.  (1) Where any accident occurs at any well or in connection with any operations under a licence or lease resulting in the death of or serious injury to any person, a full report thereon shall forthwith be forwarded to the nearest inspector and to the Director of Petroleum Resources who may order an inquiry to be made by an inspector.

(2)  For the purposes of this regulation, “serious injury” means—

(a)  a fractured skull, pelvis, arm, thigh or spine, forearm or leg;

(b)  a dislocated shoulder;

(c)   the amputation of an arm or hand, or of one finger or more on the same hand, or of a leg or a foot;

(d)  the loss of the sight of an eye; or

(e)  any other serious bodily injury, including internal haemorrhage, or burns or asphyxia where such injury is likely to endanger life, cause permanent incapacity or impair efficiency substantially.

(3)  The provisions of this regulation shall be additional to the requirements as to notice contained in the Workmen’s Compensation Act, and the Electrical Supply Regulations in the case of an accident, explosion, or fire involving electrical apparatus or equipment.

25. (1)An inspector holding an inquiry under regulation 24 shall, for the purposes of the inquiry, have the powers of a magistrate to summon witnesses, to call for the production of books and documents and examine witnesses and parties concerned on oath; and all summonses may be in the form in the Schedule to these Regulations and shall be served by the police or by such person as the officer issuing the same may direct.

(2)  Any person summoned to attend or to produce books or documents as aforesaid and refusing or neglecting to do so or refusing to answer any question put to him by or with the concurrence of the officer holding the inquiry shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine of N100:

Provided that no person shall be bound to incriminate himself, and every witness shall, in respect of any evidence given by him at such inquiry, be entitled to the same privileges to which he would have been entitled if giving evidence before a court of law.

(3)  Witnesses attending at the request of or upon summons by an officer holding the inquiry shall, subject to any order made by the officer, be entitled to the like expenses as if summoned to attend a magistrate’s court and payment shall be made in the same manner as if such person were a witness in a criminal trial.

26.  At every well being drilled for oil or gas or being worked over and in every installation handling petroleum, an abstract of these Regulations shall be prominently displayed at all times.

27.  Any manager who fails to comply or ensure compliance with any regulation in this Part shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding N100 or to imprisonment not exceeding six months or to both such fine and imprisonment.

Part IV

Duties of Employees

28.  It shall be the duty of every competent person appointed under regulation 6 to ensure that the provisions of the Regulations contained in this Part are fully complied with.

29.  No child or young person shall be on the derrick floor while any well is being drilled or repaired.

30 No person shall accumulate or permit the accumulation of flammable rubbish at any well, block station or other installation handling petroleum.

31. (1) Every person working on a drilling rig shall wear a hard hat and safety boots.

(2)  Every person working at a fixed workstation above the derrick floor shall wear a safety belt:

Provided that the provisions of this paragraph shall not apply to routine maintenance operations conducted in accordance with normal oilfield practice.

32.  No tools, machine parts or other loose material of any kind shall be kept in the derrick above the derrick floor, unless such articles are required for immediate use, in which case adequate precautions shall be taken to prevent injury to persons below.

33.  No counterbalance shall clear the ground or derrick floor by more than five feet unless adequate precautions are taken to prevent injury to persons below.

34.  (1) No person shall remove or render ineffective any safeguard while the machinery relating thereto is in operation.

(2)   Where it is necessary to make any adjustment or repair to any machinery, the machinery shall be shut down and shall not be operated again until the safeguard is replaced.

35. (1)No person other than a duly qualified electrician or electrical engineer shall open or restore any flame-proof or explosion-proof enclosure, and on completion of any necessary adjustment or repairs within the enclosure, he shall ensure that it is so restored that the flame-proof or explosion-proof characteristics have not been impaired by such opening and closing.

(2)  Adjustments to or repairs of apparatus within the flame-proof or explosion proof enclosure shall not be carried out until all the live parts within it have been made dead and efficiently earthed.

36.  No person other than a duly qualified person shall repair, adjust or maintain any signalling equipment, and on completion of any repairs, adjustment or maintenance, he shall ensure that the intrinsic safety of the electrical circuit has not in any way been impaired.

37   No person at any well or in any installation where petroleum is being handled shall—

(a)  sleep while in charge of boilers or machinery; or

(b)  consume any alcoholic liquor during the period he is on duty; or

(c)   report for duty while under the influence of alcoholic liquor.

38.  No person at any well or in any other restricted area shall—

(a)  smoke; or

(b)   discharge any firearm or explosives; or

(c)    use any naked light; or

(d)    make any fire,

except in such places as may be set aside and notified by the manager or any person authorised by the manager in that behalf as being safe for such purpose:

Provided that a competent person may at his discretion authorise the welding of casing or machinery, but the authorisation shall be in writing giving details of the precautions that shall be taken for the prevention of fire.

39.  A competent person shall at every well being drilled or worked over or installation where petroleum is handled, daily—

(a)  examine the installation and shall record in a book kept for that purpose the state thereof; and

(b)  inspect the fire-fighting and first-aid equipment to ensure that—

(i)       it is in its correct position;

(ii)      access to it is unobstructed; and

(iii)     it has been tested within the appropriate period for each appliance.

40.  A competent person shall be responsible for the observance of all safety measures at any drilling site or installation handling petroleum where work is in progress.

41.  Any competent person who fails to comply or ensure compliance with any regulation in this Part shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding N100 or to imprisonment not exceeding six months or to both such fine and imprisonment.

Part V

Miscellaneous

42.  No person shall use any explosives at any well or in any installation where petroleum is handled, unless authorised by the manager.

 43. No person shall place any building in which fire or lights other than a flame-proof or explosion-proof electric lighting installation are used within 150 feet of the centre of any borehole being drilled for or producing oil or gas or being worked over or within 100 feet of a dangerous area.

44.  Any person employed under any licence or lease who notices any unusual escape of petroleum oil or gas from any well, pipeline or installation or anything unsafe or likely to produce damage shall forthwith inform the manager or competent person.

 45. The manager may report to the Director of Petroleum Resources if he has reason to believe that the operations of a neighbouring licence or lease are being conducted in such a manner as to endanger the safety of any persons in the vicinity.

46.  The powers and duties of the Director of Petroleum Resources under these Regulations may be exercised or performed, as the case may be, by any public officer duly authorised in writing in that behalf by the Director of Petroleum Resources.

47. (1) Any person who acts in contravention of any provision of these Regulations for which no penalty is provided shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding N100 or to imprisonment not exceeding six months or to both such fine and imprisonment.

(2)  Where under the provisions of these Regulations, a duty is placed upon any person, the onus of proving that all reasonable steps have been taken to fulfil that duty shall lie upon the person charged with the breach thereof.

Schedule

Minerals Oils (Safety) Regulations

Summons to Witness

 

To (1) …………………………………………………………….         

 Insert name of intended witness.     

    (2) …………………………………………………………………     

Insert address of intended witness               

 

You are hereby summoned to appear before the undersigned at…….. upon the…….day of….20……and to give evidence at any inquiry being held into an accident at on the…….day…….. of …..20 ……….., and you are required to bring with you—

(3) …………………………………………………..

  

   …………………………………………………….

 

   ……………………………………………………

(Name any documents the intended witness will be required to produce)

 

Therein fail not at your peril.            

……………………….

Inspector

 

 

Petroleum Regulations

Arrangement of Regulations

 

1.

Short title and extent.            

2.

Interpretation.

3.

Copy of licence for Director of Petroleum Resources.

4.

Prescribed returns.

5.

Application.

 

 

 

 

 

Part I

Importation, shipping, unshipping and landing of petroleum

 A.   General

6.

Entry into prescribed port.   

 

7.

Display of flag and light.

8.

Declaration of quantity and quality of petroleum carried by ships entering harbour.

9.

Declaration by ship leaving harbour.         

10.

Delivery of declarations.

11.

Anchorage of ship according to direction.

12.

Testing of samples of petroleum.      

13.

Prohibition of discharge into waters.            

 

 

 

 B. Petroleum in Bulk — Loading or discharging of petroleum, etc.

14.

Requirements to be complied with while tanker is within harbour.

15.

Fires, lights and electrical apparatus not to be used on or near quay.

16

Distance between ships.

17.

Tanker to be watched.          

 

18.

Fire-fighting alert.     

 

19.

Police or fire officer to be on guard.

20.

Tanker discharging at below the rate of eighty tons per hour.  

 

 

.           

 

C.  Petroleum not in bulk — Class “A” petroleum

 

 

21.

Mode of carriage of class “A” petroleum.

22.

Precautions before unshipping class “A” petroleum.

23.

Approval of vessel to convey class “A” petroleum.

24.

Prohibition of naked light on deck.

25.

Small craft carrying class “A” petroleum.

26.

Precautions to be taken by craft carrying class “A” petroleum.            

27.

Prohibition of naked light and smoking on small craft.

28.

Conditions for loading or discharging class “A” petroleum.            

29.

Loading or off-loading of class “A” petroleum.          

 

30.

Petroleum carried with other cargo.

31.

Power-driven vessels carrying class “A” petroleum.

32.

Carriage of class “B” petroleum.

33.

Power-driven vessels carrying class “B” petroleum. 

 

 

                        

Part II

Storage of petroleum

 

A.   General

 

34..

Premises to be licensed

35.

Issue of licences.      

36.

Storage sheds.

37.

Underground storage for kerbside and garage pumps, etc.     

38.

Storage in bins or pits of class “A” petroleum.          

 

39.

Storage of petroleum in bulk.            

 

40.

Adequate fire-fighting measures.       

41.

Filling sheds.

42.

Soldering filled tins

43.

Entry for the purpose of inspection.

44.

Application for licence.        

45.

Duration of licence.

46.

Renewal of licences.

47.

Duration of renewal licence.

48.

Fees for licence.        

 

                         

B.   Storage in government petroleum stores

 

49.

Government petroleum store.            

 

50.

Rents in government petroleum store.

51.

Accounts of receipts of petroleum into government petroleum store.

52.

Separate storage of each consignment.

53.

Delivery of petroleum.          

54.

Loss in respect of petroleum received into government petroleum stores.

 Part III

Transport of Petroleum

 

55.

Prohibition of transport without licence.         

56.

Licence for transport.            

 

57.

Issue of licence.        

 

58.

Permit to operate kerosine peddling truck

59.

Security measures against breakage.

60.

Precaution against damages.            

61.

Condition for transporting lidless cases by rail.

62.

Transport of tins of petroleum by road on motor lorries.

 

 

 

Part IV

Open-air storage of Petroleum

 

63.

Meaning of approved.

64.

Storage in open-air premises.            

65.

Drums for storage of petroleum.            

66.

Fire-fighting equipment.

67.

Escape into sewer.

68.

Drums stored in open air.     

69.

Draining of enclosed areas. 

 

70.

Other conditions.      

 

71.

Application of certain regulations.   

 

Part V

Transport of petroleum in bulk on Federal trunk roads and other roads in the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja

 

72.

Petroleum to be carried in tank vehicles.

73.

Maintenance and construction of tank vehicle.          

 

74.

Separate compartments in tanks.

75.

Engine requirements.

76

Filling pipes.  

77.

Control of tank vehicles.      

78.

Precautions against fire.

79.

Pipes to be kept closed.        

 

80.

Parking of tank vehicles on highway forbidden.  

81.

Special permits.         

82.

Garaging of tank vehicles.

83.

Protection against theft.

84.

Inspection of tank vehicles and garages.

85.

Places where tank vehicles may be parked.      

86.

Safety precautions when loading and unloading.         

87.

Unloading must be into approved storage tanks.       

 

 

Part VI

Liquefied Petroleum Gases

 

88.

Additional precautions.        

 

89.

Licences for importation of liquefied petroleum gases.   

90.

Storage of liquefied petroleum gases.

91.

Pipes and fitting.       

 

92.

Container filling sheds.         

 

93.

Containers.    

 

94.

Charging containers.

95.

Handling maintenance and test.            

96.

Pipes and hoses.       

 

97.

Static electricity.        

 

98.

Fire precautions.       

 

 

 

Part VII

Fuelling of Aircraft

 

99.

Precaution while fuelling aircraft.

100.

Earthing and bonding

101.

Operation of fuelling vehicles.

102.

Power to make further rules in respect of aircraft refuelling.

 

Part VIII

General

 

103.

Form of licence.         

 

104.

Revocation of licences.

105.

Right to enter and inspect premises in case of offences.            

106.

Offences

107.

Savings.

 

 

 

Petroleum Regulations

Under section 9

8th day of March 1967

1. (1) These Regulations may be cited as the Petroleum Regulations.

(2)  These Regulations shall in so far as they are made under powers conferred by section 9 (1) of the Petroleum Act (hereafter referred to as “the Act”) apply to the whole of the Federation, but in so far as they are made under the powers conferred in section 9 (2) thereof apply as set out in that subsection.

2.    In these Regulations, unless the context otherwise requires—