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RULES OF 36 STATE COURTS
RULES OF ALL FEDERAL COURT

LIST OF FCT HIGH COURT JUDGES

JUDGMENTS OF FCT HIGH COURT
FCT COURT LOCATIONS
FCT, ABUJA JUDICIARY

Thirty six States and a Federal Capital Territory, Abuja make up the Nigerian Federation. Each of those States is empowered to establish, maintain and develop judicial institutions, processes and human capabilities necessary to assure a system of law and order within their respective domains. The Federal Capital Territory, FCT, Abuja is one of them.


The FCT is both the political and judicial capital of Nigeria as it plays host to judicial institutions established for the entire federation. These include the National Judicial Commission, NJC which regulates all judicial centers in the country; the Supreme Court of Nigeria; Headquarters of the Court of Appeal, the Federal High Court, National Industrial Court, and the Code of Conduct Tribunal. Alongside these exist other courts established specifically for the FCT like its High Courts, Magistrate Courts, etc.

 

The FCT Abuja Judicature is made up:
  • of the judges, lawyers, non-judge staff of judicial centers;
  • Lawyers, the local chapter of the Nigerian Bar Association, paralegal and support staff of law firms in the State that work its judicial centers;
  • judicial centers and institutions in the State - including the State High Court, Customary Court of Appeal, Sharia Court of Appeal, Magistrate Courts, Sharia Courts, Area Courts and Customary Courts;
  • the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, Federal, customary and international laws applicable in the FCT as well as Court precedents, internal Court rules and procedures that bind its judiciary;
  • Appellate bodies, like the Supreme Court of Nigeria and the Court of Appeal which have obligatory jurisdiction, at statutorily defined stages over the tribunals that operate in the FCT.
  • judicial research or regulatory institution applicable to the FCT;
  • quasi-judicial bodies and panels which activities are reviewed by the judiciary;
  • Alternative Dispute Resolution centers in the FCT;
  • Support and regulatory institutions in the FCT;
  • Law libraries, police, prison services and other;
  • other arms and department of government which existence are critical to the operations, funding, maintenance and appointment into the FCT’s judicial and related centers; and
  • the people and stakeholders of the FCT for whom the FCT’s judiciary and other dispute resolution processes and facilities of the FCT exist.


JUDICIARY OF THE FCT

The Judiciary of the State is a very key component of the States’ judicature. It is made up of judges, non-judge members of staff of the State judicial service, courts/tribunals and other judicial facilities, records and subsisting judgments obtained within the jurisdiction of the State which the courts in the State are obligated to defend.

The Judiciary exist, chiefly, to interpret, apply and direct the enforcement of the laws, customs, and conventions that make up the State’ legal system. It’s sphere also extends to the protection or preservation of contracts, rights and freedoms that define the socio-political and economic space of the State.

It also helps to preserve and protect the rights and freedoms of individuals and corporate bodies in the State from the over-bearing reach of State officialdom or from other non-state entities – including multinational and local organization that operates in the State.

Its reach even extends to the review of decisions of disciplinary panels of various professional and corporate organizations in the State.

Courts or tribunals found in the State could be broadly classified as national, state courts. Federal courts have jurisdiction over certain federal matters or objects in any corner of Nigeria. These include the Federal High Court; National Industrial Court; Code of Conduct Tribunal, Investment and Securities Tribunal, etc. These courts are either situated within the State or at a regional headquarter where the State is classified.

However, the class of courts with the greater presence and degree of interaction with local residents are State courts. These include the State High Court; Magistrate Courts; Customary and Sharia Courts of Appeal, Area/Sharia Courts and Customary Courts. Consequent upon the enactment of the Area Courts (Repeal and Amendment) Act 2010, the FCT High Court formally hands over the Area Courts in the FCT to the Sharia Court of Appeal.

In recent times, alternative dispute resolution practices are becoming integrated into the judicial processes of Nigeria. Thus, not only are arbitral and mediated agreements being given the imprimateur of the Courts for enforcement, they are also being statutorily welded into the State courts – as multi-door Courts through the Abuja Multi-Door Court House (AMCH).

HIERARCHY OF COURTS

The Supreme Court sits as the final appellate judicial authority over all the judicial and quasi-judicial processes in the State, followed by the Court of Appeal.

The State High Court and the Sharia Court of Appeal are the highest ranking tribunals under the direct control of the State government. They also have co-ordinate jurisdiction–equal and independent standing- among themselves but are restricted to matters objects statutorily assigned to them. Nonetheless, in spite of that, the Chief Justice of the State High State is regarded as the head of its judiciary. Below the High Court are the Magistrate/District Courts. While exercising jurisdiction in criminal matters, it is the Magistrate Court while it becomes the DIstrict  civil matters are referred to  District Court. Appeals lie from this level of court to the High Court.

The Area Court is a court of coordinate jurisdiction with the Magistrate / District Courts. Appeals from the Area Courts on the issues of Islamic law go to the Sharia Court of Appeal, while Appeals on other legal issues go to the High Court.

The Federal High Court of the in the State and other federal tribunals of co-ordinate jurisdiction, like the National Industrial Court, Electoral Tribunals, Code of Conduct Bureau and special tribunals like the Disciplinary Body of various Professional bodies also have equal but independent standing with the top state tribunals even though their jurisdictions are different. They operate within the State but are not under the control of the State government as their operational dependency resides in the federal government - or for the disciplinary tribunals, on the control and funding of the mechanism designated for them - usually by statute. Each of them cannot review a decision of the other and appeal lie from them straight to the Court of Appeal.


CASE TREATMENT PERFORMANCE OF FCT JUDICIARY 2011

 

Court

Cases Filed/received 2010/2011

Cases brought forward 2009/2010

Total

Cases disposed

Cases Pending

1.

High Court

10,891

6,109

17,000

8,186

8,814

2.

Magistrate Court

8,023

9,758

17,781

7,661

10,120

3.

AMDC

78

40

118

72

46

4.

Probate

2,499

300

2,799

2,449

350

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5.

Sharia Court of Appeal

295

210

85

 

 

6.

Area Courts

7,924

5,645

2,279

 

 

7.

Customary Court of Appeal

129

 

 

88

41

8.

Customary Courts

1,811

 

 

444

1,367


Source: Speech of the Chief Judge of the FCT during the 2011 Legal Year




HIGH COURT LOCATIONS

1.

New Complex, Maitama

6. Kubwa

2.

Wuse Zone 5

7. Zuba

3.

Wuse Zone 2

8. Lugbe

4.

Wuse 2

9. Gwagwalada

5.

Gudu

10.
Family Court Apo



SPECIALIZED COURTS

S/N

DESIGNATION

 JUDGE(S)

ADDRESS

1

Courts  for ICPC Cases

High Court No.3

Maitama



High Court No 4,

Maitama



High Court No.7,

Maitama

2

Courts for EFCC Cases

High Court No.5

Maitama



High Court No.6

Maitama



High Court No. 12

Maitama



High Court No. 13

Gudu



High Court No. 15

Gudu



High Court No. 22

Parakou Crescent, Wuse II



High Court No. 26

Lugbe

 

 

High Court No. 29

Kubwa

3

Courts for Criminal cases

High Court No. 7

Maitama

 

 

High Court No. 11

Gwagwalada

 

 

High Court No. 13

Gudu

 

 

High Court No. 14

Wuse Zone 5

4

Abuja Multi-Door Court House

 

Wuse Zone 5, Abuja

5

FCT Family Court (Established under the Child’s Act)

 

 

 

High Court Level

High Court No. 22

Apo

 

 

High Court No. 23

Apo

 

 

High Court No. 31

Apo

 

 

High Court No. 34

Apo

 

Magistrate Court Level

Magistrate Court Complex

Wuse Zone II




                                                
                                   









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